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Map of Africa

The continent of Africa is the second largest continent in the world, made up of 54 independent countries, each with its own government and a blend of cultures, languages and rich history

Click to on this Map of Africa to enlarge

map of africa

Map showing all of the countries of Africa
Source: National Geographic

List of Africa's Sovereign States

Algeria Angola Benin
Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands Cape Verde
Central African Republic Chad Comoros
Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Egypt
Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia Ghana
Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho Liberia
Libya Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania Mauritius
Morocco Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria Rwanda
Sao Tomé & Príncipe Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa
South Sudan Sudan Swaziland
Tanzania Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

The Republic of Somaliland and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic are two states which have established themselves but have limited recognition elsewhere in the world.

Africa's non-sovereign states include the Canary Islands, Ceuta, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Lampedusa and Lampione,Madeira, Mayotte, Melilla, Plazaz de soberania, Réunion, Saint Helena Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

The political boundaries in the map below will give you an idea of the many states and where they are positioned.

Map of Africa's Climates

Africa has a mixture of different climates which are very much dependent on rainfall. The climate zones include:
• Tropical Rainforest - found in the centre of the continent mainly between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, as well as the eastern coast of Madagascar
• Humid sub-tropical - which is found in the south west
• Mediterranean - found in the north coast of the Mediterranean Sea and also in the south east
• Savannah - found on the boundaries of the tropical rainforest areas in the north and south of the tropics
• Steppe - found even further north and south of the Savannah, this area is more arid
• Desert - the largest desert in the world, the Sahara, is found in the north, while the Kalahari is found in the south

Map - Climates of Africa

Climates of Africa


Map of Africa's Vegetation

The vegetation in Africa very much depends on the climate and rainfall patterns, more specifically - heat and moisture. You can see this when you compare the satellite map below with the climate map above.

Map - Africa's vegetation densities

Satellite map showing Africa's vegetation density

The vegetation in the region bordering the Mediterranean Sea, the vegetation is termed Mediterranean forest, which is characterised by orange groves, olive trees, evergreen oaks, pines, myrtles, and the like.

South of the coast and the Atlas mountains lies the Sahara region, which is the large light coloured area in the map above. The desert has plants which have adapted to very dry climate such as the date palm. Entering the semi-desert area, we find plenty of the acacia variety.

Further south lies the more humid regions with tropical woodlands and savannah grasslands, to dense evergreen tropical forest such as those found in West Africa and the Equatorial region.

Below the Equator, the vegetation goes from thick tropical forests to more savannah bush and grasslands, to semi-desert and desert. Along the eastern part of the African continent, we find a few highlands (especially below the "horn of Africa"), which are characterised by similar vegetation to that of the eastern Mediterranean mountains, the Himalaya and Indo-China.

Map of Africa's Population Density

The population density of an area is the number of people living per square kilometre of that area, i.e. inhabitants/km2. Africa's population density is shown below.

Map - Africa's population densities

Africa's Population Density

Here is a song about the countries of Africa:

For all sorts of different Maps of Africa try this link...

Various Maps of Africa

Other sites with African maps:
Maps of the World
Africa Guide

Click on the links below for detailed information on these topics relating specifically to Africa...

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