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Zambia Geography

Zambia's Geography, Location & Time Zone

Zambia lies in a central position in southern Africa surrounded by quite a number of countries. It is a landlocked country between Angola in the west, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the south, Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania in the east, and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the north.

Where is Zambia?

Between 8 and 18° S, and 22 and 34°E.

The position of Zambia on the African map

Map showing the location of Zambia in southern Africa

Zambia Geography

Zambia is 752,614 square kilometres (290,586 square miles) in size. It covers an area larger than the US state of Texas - actually the combined size of Texas, Maryland and Vermont, or the combination of the European countries Ukraine, Greece and Montenegro. This makes Zambia the 39th largest country in the world.

The capital city of Zambia is Lusaka, located in the south central part of the country (470km from Livingstone town). The population as of the 2010 census is 1.7 million.

Zambia sits mostly on a plateau with an average height of between 1000m and 1360m above sea level. The higher points of interest are the Mafinga Hills which are located by the border with Malawi in the east. Otherwise, Zambia is mostly quite flat with the occasional hills.

Notable Geographical Destinations

• Part of the headwaters of the Zaire Basin are the three notable natural lakes in northern Zambia - Bangweulu (comprising Lake Bangweulu, the Bangweulu Swamps and the Bangweulu Flats or floodplain), Mweru (located along the Congo river, and lying on the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo) and part of Lake Tanganyika (on the border with Tanzania and the DRC) with is the second deepest natural lake in the entire world.

Lake Bengweulu swamps/wetlands in Zambia Fishing boats on Lake Mweru, Zambia Lake Tanganyika on the Zambia side
Lake Bangweulu, swamps and wetlands
By Mehmet Karatay - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0
Fishing boats on Lake Mweru Beach at Lake Tanganyika

• In the Zambezi River basin, along the border with Zimbabwe in the south, Lake Kariba stretches for about 280 kilometres.
• Another wonder shared with Zimbabwe is the mighty Victoria Falls, in the southern part of Zambia, near Livingstone town.
• The Lower Zambezi river basin is home to the Lower Zambezi National Park which lies opposite Mana Pools National Park in Zimbabwe. It is relatively undeveloped, with a few safari lodges dotted along the river shoreline.

View of Lake Kariba The Victoria Falls as seen from the Zambian side of the Zambezi River Lower Zambezi National Park in Zambia, looking into Mana Pools National Park in Zimbabwe
Lake Kariba sunset Victoria Falls seen from Zambia Lower Zambezi National Park

Zambia Map

Republic of Zambia map

Map showing Zambia's lakes, rivers, national parks, towns and cities
(picture - Zambian High Commission)

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